We are used to the Earth’s climate, and the ways we live rely on it staying constant. But human activity is changing it. Fast.
We need to change too, because the things we rely on to survive are disappearing.
Climate experts talk about two main kinds of climate action: mitigation and adaptation. Mitigation is reducing the emissions that cause the problem. Adaptation is preparing for the changes that are happening and that we know will come. It’s things like rebuilding roads away from areas that are already experiencing coastal flooding.
Putting measures in place to help our country adapt to the impacts of climate change is vitally important.
Adaptation will mean changing the way we live, and will involve governments investing their money differently, but the alternatives are much harder. Reacting to climate change is much costlier than adapting. This can be seen with the devastation and loss of life after climate change fuelled events like the Australian bushfires and Brazillian floods.
Without adaptation these events will continue to wreak havoc, and they will only get worse.